im thinking special effects fishbowl, cupcake pink, or some kind of purple (joyride or wildflower)
this is my hair now
also has a fading perm (this was a good day) when i dont feel like badly straightening it
1) what color do youthink would look best on me?
2) where/how should i put it in?
text poster 1
color poster 2
Adolf Hitler - Ruled fascist
Anschluss - Proclaimed in 1938 by Hitler. Union with
Appeasement - British policy to preserve peace in the face of Germans by prime minister Neville Chamberlain, used during Munich Conference, failed with invasion of
Balfour Declaration - Created in 1917, it promised support from the British toward the Jewish settlers in
Benito Mussolini - Had created a fascist state in
Blitzkrieg - German style of warfare using rapid movement of troops and surprise attacks. Using this
Cold war - End of WWII to 1990. Relations between the
Final solution - 1961 and 1962. German plan to destroy Jews. Deadliest phase of the holocaust.
Great Depression - International economic crisis that took place after WWI. Started with crash of US stock market in 1929. Collapse of banks and agriculture. Mass unemployment.
Holocaust - Hitler’s genocide against the Jews throughout
Internationalization - Popular in middle of 1900s, the idea that people should unite despite boundaries, led to the creation of the international Red Cross, Postal Union, and other international fairs.
Iron Curtain - 1946. Churchill’s description of division between free and repressed societies that had begun to form.
Korean War - 1950-53.
League of Nations - Created in the Treaty of Versailles by
Marshall Plan - 1947. Program of loans started by the
Mikhail Gorbachev - Ruled the
NATO - Created in 1949 under
National Socialist Party - Started by the depression and came to power through Hitler in 1933. Used aggressive foreign policy in an attempt to make up for the humiliation from the Treaty of Versailles and expand.
Pearl Harbor - December 1941, Japanese attack on American naval base in
Ronald Reagan -
Socialism in one country
Spanish Civil War - Between 1936 and 1939. Spanish authoritarian and military leaders against republicans and leftists. Soviets supported republicans,
Submarine warfare - Use of new technology, the submarine, primarily by the German navy against the Western allies in WWI. Factor in bringing US into WWI.
Teheran Conference - 1943 meeting between US,
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - Signed by Lenin and the communists in an escape the war and restructure the Russian society. Gave Germans substantial land in return for peace. New territories leached troops and brought on heavy fighting.
Tripartite Pact - An alliance between
United Nations - A new international organization; had better representation than the
Vietnam War - 1954-75. Communist North supported by
Western front - A front mainly in
Winston Churchill - Prime minister in
World Court - Started during internationalization, created at
World War I - 1914-18, almost all of Europe and their colonies, started over conflict in the Balkans, victory by allied
World War II - 1939-45 war between W Europe, N Africa, Eurasia, SW Asia,
Affluent society - Economic status of post-WWII nations as they put priority in consumer goods instead of other places.
Betty Friedan (721) - Popularized new feminism with her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique. College graduate, whose role left her unsatisfied, urged work and equality. Divorced. Co-founder of N.O.W.
Christian Democratic movement (712) - New political movement in W European nations after WWII. Devoted to democratic institutions and moderate social reform.
Cold war (712) - The state of relations between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its allies between the 1950s to 1990; based on creation of political spheres of influence and a nuclear arms race rather than actual warfare.
Common Market (716) - Set up by EEC. Reduced tariffs b/w members, common tariffs for outsiders. Free movement of labor and investment encouraged. CM bureaucracy to oversee operations. Court system. Funding for lagging regions.
Cubist movement (724) - 20th cent. art, best represented by Picasso, objects created with geometric shapes.
Fascism (710) - Political philosophy in 1920s and 30s in
Great Society - 1965.
John Keynes (724) - British economist who stressed importance of government spending to compensate for loss of purchasing power during a depression; played role in the policies of the American New Deal and European economic planning after WWI.
Kellogg-Briand Pact (708) - 1928. Treaty between two American and French leaders outlawing war forever, based on high hopes of the Treaty of Versailles. Indication of naïve hopes.
Margaret Thatcher (716) - In 1979(-1991), the British Conservative leader began the longest-running prime ministership in history; worked to cute welfare and housing costs and promote free enterprise.
NATO - Created in 1949 under
New Deal (710) - 1933. Franklin Roosevelt. Put in place several social insurance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; increased power of state.
New feminism (721) - New wave of feminism from 1949. Emphasized more literal equality that would play down special domestic roles and qualities.
Oil crisis (718) - 1973. ME oil producing states cut production and raised prices, at first in response to ME war with
Pablo Picasso (724) - Artist, known as head of cubist movement.
Popular Front (710) - 1936-1938. Liberal, socialist, and communist parties allied in
Simone de Beauvoir (721) - French intellectual, published The Second Sex in 1949, which began the new feminism movement.
Technocrat (715) - 1940s. Term for a new type of bureaucrat, called so because of the intense training in engineering or economics and devotion to power of national planning. Rose in gov’t following WWII.
Totalitarian state (710) - New government formed in 20th century; exercised direct control over nearly all of the activities of his subjects.
Welfare state (710) - In W Europe after WWII, increased government spending, providing new levels of social insurance against illness and unemployment. Included medical programs and economic planning.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (730) - Revolutionary leader, critical to soviet regime. Published The Gulag Archipelago on Siberian prison camps.
Alexander Dubcek - A Slovak politician and briefly leader of
Alexander Kerensky (730) - 1917 Revolutionary leader eager to see genuine parliamentary rule, religious and other freedoms, and a host of political and legal changes.
Collectivization (735) - Began in 1928.The process of creating large state farms as opposed to individual holdings. Promised to facilitate mechanization of agriculture while controlling peasants; strongly opposed by the kulaks (commercially oriented peasants)
Comintern - An international organization of Communist parties set up by Lenin in 1919 and abolished in 1943
Congress of Soviets (731) - Lenin's parliamentary institution based on the soviets and Bolshevik domination; replaced the initial parliament dominated by the Social Revolutionary party.
Council of People’s Commissars (730) - After Nov. 1917. Government council to govern the state. Made from representatives across the nation.
Five-year plans (735) - Stalin’s plans to set priorities for industrial development, including expected output levels and new facilities. Factories for metallurgy, mining, and electric power were built, led to massive state-planned industrialization at cost of availability of consumer products.
Glasnost (746) - 1980s. A policy of political liberation in the
Joseph Stalin (732) - Successor to Lenin as head of the USSR; strongly nationalist view of Communism; represented anti-Western strain of Russian tradition; crushed opposition to his rule; established series of five-year plans to replace New Economic Policy; fostered agricultural collectivization; led USSR through World War II; furthered cold war with Western Europe and the United States; died in 1953.
Leon Trotsky - Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army; he was ousted from the Communist Party by Stalin and eventually assassinated in
Mikhail Gorbachev (746) - In 1985 he was introduced by the Soviet Union to renew some of the earlier attacks on Stalinist rigidity; showed a new, more Western style, held open conferences and allowed media to report on problems. Urged reduction in nuclear armament; proclaimed policies of glasnost and perestroika.
New Economic Policy (732) -
Nikita Khrushchev (745) - Stalin's successor as head of
Perestroika (747) - Late 1980s, introduced by Gorbachev, a policy of economic restructuring giving more flexibility for private ownership and decentralized control in industry and agriculture.
Politburo (736) - Executive committee of the Soviet Communist party; 20 members. A “rubber stamp” to Stalin’s power.
Red Army (731) - Powerful new army raised under the inspiration of Leon Trotsky; used people of humble background and inspired mass loyalty in the name of a communist future.
Russian Communist party (730) - Lenin and the Bolsheviks. 1917. Came to power in Nov. after a second revolution expelled liberal leadership.
Social Revolutionary party (731) - Supported by parliamentary election, emphasized peasant support and rural reform. Expelled in favor of Bolsheviks.
Socialist realism (741) - A new style of art encouraged by Soviet culture glorifying heroic workers, soldiers, and peasants. Seen as a vital educational tool and an antidote to immoral Western cultural.
Solidarity (739) - 1970s independent labor movement in formed in
Soviet (730) - A council of workers that took over the government and arrested tsar ministers after revolution broke out in March 1917 in Petrograd (
Sputnik (745) - 1957, first satellite sent into space; sent up during Khrushchev's government; initiated space race with the
Supreme Soviet (732) - Parliament of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; elected by universal suffrage; actually controlled by Communist party; served to ratify party decisions.
Vaclav Havel - a Czech writer and dramatist. He was the last President of Czechoslovakia and the first President of the
Chiang Ching-Kuo - Ruled Taiwanese government in 1978, following father Chiang Kai-shek. Continued authoritarian government; attempted to diminish gap between followers of his father and indigenous islanders.
Chiang Kai-Shek - Succeeded Sun Yat-sen as leader of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party in
General Douglas MacArthur - Commanded Pacific Campaign during WWII, led American occupation of
Hiraoka Kimitoke - Nationalist writer against Westernization.
Hyundai - Industrial group that has great power in
Kim Il-Sung - Led the Korean People’s Army against
Korean War - 1950-53.
Korekiyo Takahashi - Minister of Finance in
Lee Kuan Yew - Ruler of
Liberal Democratic Party - Formed in 1955 into the 1990s, economically reconstructed and monopolized government in
Syngman Rhee - Anti-communist president of
Tojo Hideki - Japanese general that facilitated progressively more militaristic prime ministers after 1936. Put down military coup. Blocked appointment of liberals.
Zaibatsus - Industrial combines in
Alvaro Obregon – Ruler of
Augusto Sandino – led guerilla against
Banana Republics – Conservative governments in Latin America created or supported by the
Cristeros – 1920s Peasant movement in
Diego Obregon – Alvaro’s brother.
Emiliano Zapata – Revolutionary commander of peasant guerilla movement. For removal of Madero and Huerta and widespread land reforms.
Ernesto Guevara – Led guerilla movement in 1967 in
Eva Duarte – wife of Peron, known as Evita. Died in 1952.
Fidel Castro – Cuban revolutionary, led overthrown of Batista in 1958. Socialist reforms. Under Castro
Francisco Madero – Mexican Democratic reformer. After being arrested by Diaz, revolted against him. Gained power but removed and assassinated in 1913.
Fulgencio Batista – dictator of
Gabriel Garcia Marquez – Nobel Prize winner and writer from
Getulio Vargas – 1929 elected president of
Good Neighbor Policy – 1933 by
Jacobo Arbenz – President in
Jorge Luis Borges – Writer from
Jose Clemente Orozco - Mexican muralist after revolution. Romantic images of the Indian past with Christian symbols and Marxist ideology.
Juan D. Peron – Argentinean leader. Dominant after 1943. Appealed to working and poor, president in 1946. Exile in 1955. President again in 1973.
Juan Jose Arevalo – Guatemalan president bringing Socialist reforms. Against foreign-owned companies. 1944.
Lazaro Cardenas – Mexican president from 1934 – 1940. Redistribution of land into communal farms, education.
Liberation theology - Catholic theology and Socialist principles in effort to bring about improved conditions for the poor in
Mexican Constitution of 1917 - assured land reform, limited foreign ownership of key resources, guaranteed the rights of workers, and placed restrictions on clerical education; marked end of Mexican Revolution.
Mexican Revolution – 1910-1920. Ousted Diaz from power, led by Villa and Zapata.
NAFTA – 1994 created a free trade zone among
PRI - Party of the Institutionalized Revolution. Dominant party in
Pancho Villa – Revolutionary and military commander in
Sandinistas – Socialist revolution in
Shining Path – Peruvian communist guerilla force. 1970s to 90s. Violence and terrorism.
Tragic Week – Brutal repression under nationalism in response to labor force strike. 1919 in
United Fruit Company - Important foreign economic concern in
Victoriano Huerta – After removal of Madero in 1913, attempted to reestablish centralized dictatorship in
Afrikaner National party – Majority party in
Atlantic Charter of 1941 – WWII b/w
B.G. Tilak effendi – Indian Nationalism should be based on Hinduism, restoration of ancient Hindu stuff, offended Muslims, first populist leader.
Dinshawai incident – British soldiers and Egyptians, 1906. Hunting accident, wife of prayer leader shot. Egyptian protest movement.
Indian National Congress party – Party in 1885, governed during postcolonial period. Grew out of regional associations of Western-educated Indians.
Jomo Kenyatta – Nonviolent nationalist party in
Kwame Nkrumah – 1957 nationalist during decolonization, power through Convention Peoples part, his own.
Land Freedom Army – for independence of
Leon Pinsker – European Zionist, Jewish to Christian European nations impossible.
Lord Cromer – British adviser, pushed for eco. reforms, failed to clear debt in
Mandates - after WWI governments trusted to
Mohandas Gandhi – western educated, nationalist, spiritual leader, nonviolent disobedience forcing
Montagui-Chemsford reforms – 1919 raised power and number of Indians in politics.
Morley-Minto reforms – educated Indians got more power to elect and serve on local all-Indian legislative councils.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah – Muslim nationalist. Muslim League. Supported British during WWII for separate Muslim state after war. First president of
Muslim League – 1906 to demand for separate seats in Hindu-dominated
National Liberation Front – Algerian nationalist movement. Guerilla war against
Negritude – literary movement to combat African stereotypes, beauty of being black!!!!!
Rowlatt Act – restricted Indian civil rights like freedom of speech, to offset Montagu-Chelmsford reforms.
Satyagraha – “truth force”, Ghandi’s nonviolent opposition policy.
Secret Army Organization – French settlers in
Simon Commission – 1927. To unite left and right sides of the independence movement and Muslims and Hindus.
Theodor Herzl – Austrian Zionist. World Zionist Organization, 1897. Jews to
Wafd party – nationalist party created after being denied a hearing at
Zionism – started 1860s and 70s arguing that Jews should return to a ME Holy Land, came true with creation of
African National Congress – Black organization in
Anwar Sadat – 1973, tried to dismantle expensive state programs, opened
Apartheid – rigid segregation system in
Ayatollah Khomeini – religious leader in
Biafra – Independent nation in
F.W. De Klerk – President in 1989 to 94. National Party. Ended apartheid. Democracy
Free Officers movement - Military nationalist movement in
Gamal Abdul Nasser – Took power in 1952 military coup. Reduced unemployment through reforms and state resources. Kicked
Green Revolution – Improved seed strains, fertilizers, and irrigation leading to higher crop production in densely populated
Hasan al-Banna – Muslim Brotherhood in
Homelands – areas in
Hosni Mubarak - President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, 1981- present
Indira Gandhi – prime minister 1966 to 70s, Nehru’s child, astute central figure.
Jawaharlal Nehru – Led
Muslim Brotherhood - Egyptian nationalist movement founded in 1928. Fundamentalist movement in Islam; promoted strikes and urban riots against the khedival government.
Nelson Mandela – Helped end apartheid. First black prime minister in 1994. African National Congress Party.
Neocolonial economy – dominance of first and second world controls w/o political ties.
Primary products – crops in high demand in developed nations, prices vary, primary exports of third world countries.
Saddam Hussein –Military ruler of
Cultural Revolution - Mao Zedong’s movement to restore dominance over realists. Used mobs to ridicule political rivals. 1965-68.
Dien Bien Phu – Viet Minh victory over French colonialism, power of
Gang of Four – Jiang Qing and four political allies that attempted to take control. 1976.
General Giap – Military chief of the Viet Minh, 1954. Mastermind of
Great Leap Forward – 1958-60s, futile pitch of small-scale industrialization communes.
Guomindang – Chinese Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-sen, support from criminal underworld. Initial alliance with Communists. 1919-mid 20s.
Ho Chi Minh – former
Jiang Qing – Mao’s wife, Gang of Four, opposed pragmatists and supportd communism.
Li dazhao - One of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party
Long March – communist escape from
Mao Zedong – communist leader, rural reform and peasantry, influenced by his wife, unsuccessful reforms. 1920s-1958.
Mass Line - 1950s economic policy under Mao leading to formation of agricultural cooperatives becoming farming collectives.
May Fourth movement – rejected Confucianism, led to intellects aim at Chinese democracy, resistance to Japanese encroachment. 1919.
Minh Mang – 2nd emperor of
New Youth – Marxist periodical, spread communist ideas to coastal youth population.
Ngo Dinh Diem – Leader of S Vietnam under
Nguyen Anh – 1802. Last surviving of Nguyen dynasty. Proclaimed emperor.
People’s Liberation Army - Chinese Communist army. Directed country under People's Republic of
People’s Republic of
Pragmatists – Communist politicians wanted to restore state direction locally. X Mao.
Red Guard – Students that discredited political enemies of Mao during Cultural Rev.
Socialist Youth Corps – 1920, recruited urban working class to nationalist revolution.
Sun Yat-sen – 1911 Revolt against Qing dynasty, Kuomintang. Died 1925.
Viet Cong – communist guerilla movement in
Viet Minh – communist Vietnamese nationalist movement.WWII. Guerilla methods.
Vietnamese Nationalist party – 1920s, wanted violent overthrow of French colonies.
Yuan Shikai – 1912-16. N Chinese warlord. Wanted throne, became president but resigned with Japanese invasion.